Heart Conditions

Heart Conditions

Heart conditions come in all shapes and sizes, and there are many of us that go about our daily lives not knowing that we
are living with an undiagnosed heart condition. It is often something that does not usually cross our minds, but, if left
undiagnosed and untreated, can lead to serious health complications, and unfortunately, death.
Types of Heart Conditions
There are many types of Heart Conditions you should be made aware of. Some of them are:-
 Angina:- Angina is a pain or discomfort felt in your
chest, which is usually caused by coronary heart disease.
Some people feel the pain in their arm, neck, stomach or
jaw. Angina often feels like a heaviness or tightness in
your chest
 Abnormal heart Rhythm :- Sometimes called an
arrhythmia. It means your heart is beating too fast, too
slow, or with an irregular pattern.
 Heart Attacks:- It happens when the supply of blood to
the heart is suddenly blocked, usually by a blood clot. A
heart attack happens when your heart muscle is starved
of oxygen-rich blood. This causes damage to your heart
muscle.
The Symptoms of Heart Attacks
 Shortness of Breath
 Chest pain:- A sensation of pressure, tightness or
squeezing in the centre of your chest.
 Light-headedness and or Dizziness.
 Nausea
 Sweating
 Some cases of Pain down left Arm
If Someone is Having a Heart Attack
1. Identify the symptoms of a Heart attack e.g chest pain,
shortness of breath, they may look pale.
2. Call emergency services immediately
3. Put the person in the seating position. Their back should be supported. Try to keep the person calm and still. Once
you have done this, loosen any tight clothing.
4. Ask the person if he carries any prescribed medication for heart problems. He may carry a trinitrate pump spray, if
so, give two pumps of the spray under his tongue. The medicine pump helps vessels dilate to make blood flow
easier.
5. Give aspirin. Check the mg dosage of the aspirin tablets and aim to give around 300mgs(two small, or one full tab￾let). Instruct them to chew the aspirin slowly, since chewing the aspirin is more effective than swallowing it whole.
6. Reassure them whilst waiting for emergency services. Try and keep them warm with a jacket or a blanket

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